Pink eye, also known as conjunctivitis, is a common and highly contagious eye condition that affects people of all ages. It occurs when the thin, clear tissue covering the white part of the eye and lining the inner surface of the eyelids (the conjunctiva) becomes inflamed.
In this article, we’ll talk about what causes it, what it feels like, and how you can make it better.
Pink Eye Causes and Treatment with Home Remedies (Urdu)
Causes of Pink Eye
Pink eye can be caused by various factors, including viruses, bacteria, allergens, and irritants. Viral conjunctivitis is the most common form and is often associated with the same viruses responsible for the common cold. Bacterial conjunctivitis is typically caused by specific strains of bacteria and can lead to more severe symptoms.
Allergic conjunctivitis is triggered by allergens such as pollen, dust, or pet dander. In contrast, irritant conjunctivitis is a response to substances like smoke, chlorine, or foreign objects getting into the eye.
Identifying pink eye is crucial for prompt treatment and preventing its spread. The most common symptoms include:
- Redness in the whites of the eyes.
- Itching or a gritty feeling in the eyes.
- Watery or thick discharge from the eyes.
- Swelling of the eyelids.
- Sensitivity to light.
- Crusting of the eyelids or lashes, particularly in the morning.
If you suspect you or a family member has pink eye, there are several steps you can take at home to alleviate discomfort and promote healing.
Maintain Good Hygiene
Proper handwashing is essential to prevent the spread of pink eye. Encourage regular and thorough handwashing with soap and warm water, especially after touching the eyes.
Avoid Touching or Rubbing the Eyes
Touching or rubbing the eyes can exacerbate the condition and potentially spread the infection. Encourage individuals with a pink eye to resist this urge.
Apply Warm Compresses
Placing a clean, warm washcloth over closed eyelids can help reduce discomfort and remove any crust or discharge. Ensure the cloth is not too hot to avoid causing further irritation.
Use Artificial Tears
Over-the-counter artificial tears can provide relief from dryness and irritation. Opt for preservative-free options to minimize potential irritation.
Practice Allergen Control
If allergic conjunctivitis is the cause, take steps to minimize exposure to allergens. Keep windows closed during high pollen seasons, use air purifiers, and wash bedding frequently.
Discard Contaminated Items
Items like makeup, contact lenses, and towels that come into contact with infected eyes should be disposed of or thoroughly cleaned to prevent reinfection.
Preventing Pink Eye
- Prevention is key in minimizing the risk of pink eye. Here are some simple steps to follow:
- Practice Good Hygiene
- Regular handwashing and avoiding touching the eyes can help prevent the spread of pink eye.
- Avoid Sharing Personal Items
- Items like towels, pillows, and makeup should not be shared, especially if someone in the household has pink eye.
- Stay Away from Irritants
- Take precautions to avoid exposure to smoke, dust, and other irritants that can trigger conjunctivitis.
Pink eye is common and can be fixed with some care. By keeping things clean and following these steps, you can help your eyes feel better. If things don’t get better, don’t wait too long. Go see a doctor. Taking these simple steps can help you and your loved ones get back to feeling good in no time.